WeePakistan

The Reality of Pakistan’s Floods 2022

Table of Contents

In the last two weeks, Pakistan has been in the news for the worst possible reasons. Severe flooding in the country has claimed over 200 lives so far and displaced millions of people from their homes. The entire nation has come together to help those affected by this natural calamity.

However, it is important to keep a check on media sensationalism and non-factual reporting about the crisis, as it can lead to hasty decisions and misinformed interventions that may not be in the best interests of those who are affected by these floods. Unnatural disasters such as floods are often seen as a sign of divine intervention or wrath of God; or even as man-made conspiracy theories like global warming.

It is important to objectively analyze all angles before jumping to conclusions or drawing conclusions based on limited information and unverified facts. This article will debunk some common myths about Pakistan’s recent floods and look at the underlying causes that led to this catastrophe.

It is man-made global warming or a sign of natural disaster?

Climate change has been blamed for many extreme weather events that take place all over the world, such as storms, heat waves, floods, and droughts. However, it is important to understand that the increased frequency and intensity of such events is not always due to climate change. For example, floods are a regular phenomenon in many regions across the world and have been observed for centuries. Floods have always been a part of Pakistan’s climate, but the frequency and intensity of these floods have increased over the past few decades. In fact, the most recent floods have been the worst in Pakistan’s history since colonial rule. Scientists have raised a few points that show that recent floods in Pakistan are not a result of global warming. First of all, floods in Pakistan are caused by excessive rainfall, whereas global warming is supposed to increase temperatures and cause drought. Secondly, there has been no increase in the intensity of rainfall in the region as compared to previous years.

What caused the floods?

The recent floods in northern and central parts of Pakistan have been caused by two main factors – heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of the Indus river and a broken dam. The recent floods in Pakistan are a result of excessive rainfall in the catchment areas of the Indus river, coupled with a broken dam. The catchment areas of the Indus river are mountainous areas where the rainwater from the surrounding mountains flows into the river. This year, the catchment areas received heavy rainfall, which increased the flow of water in the Indus river and caused the river to overflow. The other factor that caused floods was a broken dam in the southern part of Punjab. The water from the Indus river flows into a large network of canals, which are a lifeline for the farmers in southern Punjab. However, in the last few weeks, the dam that controls the flow of water in these canals was broken due to heavy rainfall, which caused the canals to fill up with water and led to flooding in southern Punjab.

Who can be held responsible for the devastation?

As mentioned above, the recent floods in Pakistan are a result of two factors – heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of the Indus river and a broken dam. In the case of a broken dam, the government and officials of the irrigation department are responsible for it. The government officials failed to maintain the dam and allowed the engineers to use substandard materials during the construction of the dam. The engineers were pressured to use cheaper construction materials and finish the work quickly. The government officials were also responsible for the floods caused by heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of the Indus river. Firstly, the government failed to build new dams and strengthen the old ones, which would have stored the excess water from the catchment areas. Secondly, the people living in the catchment areas of the river were not evacuated and informed about the impending floods.

Is this an annual occurrence in Pakistan?

The recent floods in Pakistan are one of the most severe natural disasters to have hit the country in the last few decades. However, the frequency and intensity of floods have increased over the past few decades. The flood of 1908 was the first major flood in the country when the Indus river breached its banks and left 25,000 people homeless. The floods of 1936, 1954, and 1957 affected large areas of the Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. The flood of 1958 affected an area of 4,000 square miles. The floods of 1965 and 1969 affected large areas in the country, including Sindh and Punjab provinces. The flood of 1973 was very severe in Sindh, in which the river broke its banks in many places and many villages were submerged. In the flood of 1982, large areas of Sindh and southern Punjab were affected. The floods of 1987 were severe in the northern parts of the country, especially in the Kashmir valley. The floods of 1991 were of lesser intensity in the southern parts but were very severe in the northern areas of the country. The floods of 2007 were the worst in the history of Pakistan, with the highest number of deaths, the most number of people affected, and the highest amount of economic losses.

How many people are affected and what is the cost of the damage?

The recent floods in Pakistan have displaced millions of people and caused considerable damage to property and infrastructure. The exact number of people affected and the amount of damage caused by the floods are not yet known since the affected areas are remote and difficult to access. Total economic losses due to the floods are estimated to be around $3 billion. The floods have affected over 20 million people in the provinces of Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan. Thousands of villages have been completely submerged. The floods have destroyed crops and livestock, leading to food shortages and economic losses for the affected people. The floods have also affected the supply of electricity and gas to the affected areas.

Conclusion

The recent floods in Pakistan are one of the most severe natural disasters to have hit the country in the last few decades. The floods have displaced millions of people and caused considerable damage to property and infrastructure. The exact number of people affected and the amount of damage caused by the floods are not yet known since the affected areas are remote and difficult to access. The floods have also affected the supply of electricity and gas to the affected areas. The floods have been caused by two factors – heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of the Indus river and a broken dam. The government officials were responsible for these factors, as they failed to build new dams and strengthen the old ones and also failed to evacuate the people living in the catchment areas of the river. The recent floods in Pakistan are a result of extreme weather conditions and are not a result of climate change. However, it is important to understand that the increased frequency and intensity of such events is not always due to climate change. The article ends with a note of hope, as people all over the world have come together to help those affected by this natural calamity.